A central question in today’s environmental debate is how economic development and environmental protection interrelate, especially in middle-income countries with exponential economic growth. This article’s focal point is to identify how the fast strong growth and change in consumption in Vietnam impacted on the environment during a 60-year period (1954-2018), in terms of climate change, air pollution, water pollution and waste disposal. Those issues would be thoroughly discussed and supported by the country’s report on the number of emissions by different means (industrial activities, transportation, etc.), experts’ analysis, forecasts and reliable databases from the World Bank, Euromonitor, Vietnam General Statistical Office, Statista. All data on this paper is taken from other various sources, ranging from government and companies reports to journals and articles worldwide.